Millinery is something virtually no one knows how to do. Along with cobblery and silver smithing, the highly specialized
art of hat making has gone the way of the Indianapolis street car.
In 1896, “Indianapolis of To-day,” a sort of Victorian city guide, regarded Miss A. Quigley as the city’s premier milliner. Her store, located on the current site of Ruth’s Chris Steak House on Illinois Street, was “commodious and elegantly equipped and in the assortment [were] the latest modes in trimmed and untrimmed hats and bonnets, also ribbons, plumes, flowers, silks, satins, velvets, and the latest styles of trimmings.”
At that time, demand for hats was such that Miss A. Quigley employed some 20 milliners.
In 1951, Roy Halston Frowick began a millinery career at Indiana University that would lead him to design Jacqueline Kennedy’s inauguration hat.
Now it seems the average Hoosier scarcely
owns a hat that doesn’t have a Colts horseshoe or other logo on it.
That presents a challenge for Emily Clark, 28, founder of the brand new company Emilliner. Clark, who wants to resurrect millinery in the Midwest, is confronted with a consumer base that’s changed drastically in the half century since hats turned heads.
Her Web store on Etsy.com is a far cry from Miss A. Quigley’s accessory wonderland of feathers and ribbons. She employs only herself and works out of the Irvington house she recently purchased with her fiancé.
An old kitchen table is littered with the trappings of the hat trade. A shopping bag brimming with every color of horsehair braid is lodged beneath, while the sinamay, Clark’s favorite material (a straw-like woven fabric) makes an unruly heap atop an enormous drum case turned hat transporter.
“The world is full of really great vintage hats because there used to be so many milliners. For every little town there were three or four independent craftsmen. Now the few that are left tend to be the only names people know,” Clark said.
While Clark isn’t sure why her accessory of choice has been elbowed out of daily attire, she’s positive it’s not for lack of hat appreciation.
“Hats attract a lot of attention. Whenever I wear one, everyone wants to know where I got it or at least make a comment,” she said. “You even have to be careful when you wear a hat to a wedding, since you don’t want to upstage the bride.”
Clark learned the trade as an apprentice under the famous London milliner Phillip Treacy, who designed hats for Chanel, Givenchy, and Valentino. In Europe, demand isn’t as much of a problem as it is here. But finding the proper accoutrements is.
“Millinery suppliers are even scarcer than milliners,” she said.
Things like fine silk netting and the brushed silk once used on formal top hats aren’t even made anymore. And the tools of the trade such as a hat block—the form a milliner uses to fashion the crown of a hat—need to be custom made and are very expensive. Clark is still on the lookout for an American supplier for a proper fabric stiffener.
“Even when you’re at the top in millinery, like Phillip, sometimes you have to settle for materials that are inferior to what you know used to exist,” she said. “It’s sad.”
Clark introduced her line of chapeaux at this fall’s Midwest Fashion Week in collaboration with designer Bernie Martin and said response has been overwhelming. But a strong response doesn’t always equal strong sales.
“Everyone recognizes my hats are better than anything you can get at H&M, but convincing someone a hat is worth $300 is a different story,” she said.
Clark was born into a generation that often doesn’t know the difference between a one-size-fits-all $20 fedora and one with a band size that fits the wearer. And the modern woman doesn’t think about a cocktail hat to match her little black dress.
But with hats like Clark’s at our fingertips, who knows? All that could change.
Heck, I have one already.•
If you’d like to share your own style ideas or know anyone who’s making waves in the fashion community, contact Gabrielle at email@example.com. This column appears monthly.