Colleges and Universities and K-12 and Opinion and College degrees and Viewpoint

PAYNE: How we can improve our 'talent dividend'

December 19, 2009

I recently heard on National Public Radio a story about the national college testing day in South Korea. Their high school seniors have been studying an extra four or five hours a day for months to prepare for this nine-hour test. Some parents have been praying to Buddha the past 100 days for their children to score well on this test, a test that will largely determine their academic futures and their lifelong opportunities.

It seems South Korean students and parents think education is pretty important.

We Hoosiers are also starting to treat education with a sense of urgency and as something worth achieving. There is a tremendous number of quality and innovative programs and collaborations in central Indiana to help students and adult learners graduate from high school and to access and succeed with post-secondary training.

This urgent response to our city’s, state’s and country’s education crisis is reassuring, because the stakes couldn’t be higher. As we approach the second decade of this century, it seems the world will be divided into the education haves and have-nots. The data shows that cities with a high percentage of residents with colleges or post-secondary degrees are positioned for long-term economic growth and community vitality. Cities with lower percentages will struggle and will likely become second- and third-tier communities.

The Indianapolis metropolitan area ranks near the middle for the percentage of its residents with bachelor’s degrees, compared with the 51 metro areas with a population greater than 1 million. Thirty percent of our adults age 25 to 65 have at least a four-year degree. While most of our community’s new education efforts are organized for long-term systematic improvement, there is a new framework that shows how our community can make important strides in the short term as well.

A national organization, CEOs for Cities, commissioned research that proposes the concept of the “talent dividend,” which shows that a relatively modest increase in college degree attainment by 1 percentage point has concrete economic payoffs and ties to metro prosperity.

The research shows that, if we in central Indiana could just increase the proportion of our residents with a bachelor’s degree from 30 percent to 31 percent, the metro area would see an annual economic benefit of $1.3 billion. To put this in perspective, Eli Lilly and Co.’s annual central Indiana payroll is $1.5 billion.

Last June, 35 local community leaders met with CEOs for Cities as part of the organization’s nationwide tour. Following this discussion, CEOs for Cities President Carol Coletta said the Indianapolis conversation was the best of the 14 in which she had participated. She invited central Indiana leaders to be a key partner in this work and serve as founding members of a national Talent Dividend learning network, where the ideas and programs from cities across the country can be shared and improved upon.

A 1-percent increase in residents with a college degree equals 11,000 people. With 293,000 adults in central Indiana having earned college credits, but no degree, and tens of thousands of students in their first and second year of college, when the dropout rate is historically high, there is no shortage of potential targets. Creating and implementing programs that help identify who is serious about degree attainment, then helping these students succeed, could have a huge community and economic benefit.

The goal is to achieve this annual $1.3 billion talent dividend by 2015 and to have a major short-term win in educational achievement while our community continues to transform the education landscape for the long term. As we ring in 2010, the time is now for us to implement the winning strategies of a successful 21st century city.•

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Payne is president of the Central Indiana Community Foundation.


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