Indiana’s COVID vaccine rollout gets mixed reviews

Indiana University Health Nurse Rachael Chisom administers a COVID vaccine to hospital employee Cathy Treen at the IU Health Neuroscience Center on West 15th Street. (IBJ photo/Eric Learned)

In vaccine clinics all over Indiana, you might call it the big sigh of relief.

At Community Health Network’s three vaccination clinics in Indianapolis, people arrive by the hundreds each day, wait in line and roll their sleeves. Then they exhale, as if letting go of a year of stress.

“You give them a shot and then tears just start to flow,” said Emily Sego, chief nurse executive and vice president of ambulatory care.

At Franciscan Health Indianapolis, doctors have noticed more smiles at the vaccine clinic, located in a former ambulance bay, than any other place on the huge south-side campus.

“With apologies to Walt Disney, the COVID vaccine clinics have been the happiest places on Earth over the last three months,” said Dr. Christopher Doehring, Franciscan’s vice president for medical affairs. “There’s just absolute joy, a sense of relief for people who have been living in voluntary isolation, in captivity for the better part of a year.”


While the state’s rollout of eligibility for the vaccine has come under some fire, many Hoosiers have begun planning for a summer and fall free from worry, ready to resume their normal lives.

Phil Walsh, an insurance salesman who lives on the northwest side of Indianapolis, said he is already getting ready for a summer of picnics and get-togethers with friends and family, after spending much of the past year working from home and keeping away from crowded spots.

“It feels like we are climbing out of fortresses and getting our lives back,” he said Saturday, as he waited for his second shot at Ascension St. Vincent’s vaccine clinic on the hospital’s West 86th Street campus.

Slowly, Indiana seems to be emerging from the worst of the pandemic. Last week, the state notched up a noteworthy milestone: 1 million Hoosiers had been fully vaccinated, or about 16% of the state’s population, including children.

“We’re not just on the road to recovery. We’re onward and upward,” declared Gov. Eric Holcomb.

But compared to other states, Indiana’s vaccination record is decidedly mixed.

As of March 30, Indiana ranked sixth-worst for percentage of the population age 18 and older with at least one dose, at 32.4%, according to data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Only Alabama, Georgia, Tennessee, Mississippi and the District of Columbia were lower.

Indiana has methodically been vaccinating older people first, starting with people 80 and over, and gradually working down by five- or 10-year increments. On Monday, the state expanded the eligibility to Hoosiers 30 and older, and on Wednesday, threw it open to Hoosiers 16 and older.

“Opening eligibility to every Hoosier is a huge undertaking,” said Dr. Kris Box, Indiana’s state health commissioner on March 24. “But it’s an important step that will bring us closer to the finish line.”


Demand and supply

It was the last in a long series of steps for Indiana health officials, who stuck to their plan to go by age, even as teachers and others clamored for the state to prioritize vulnerable occupations.

Holcomb and Box have said they chose an age-based rollout because older people have the highest risk of serious illness and death. So the oldest Hoosiers went to the front of the line, and younger people had to wait—even those in jobs requiring lots of social interaction, such as teachers. It wasn’t until March 15 that eligibility opened to teachers and support staff in pre-kindergarten and high school.

“Indiana’s goal was never to get as many people vaccinated as fast as possible,” said Micah Pollak, associate professor of economics at Indiana University Northwest in Gary, who analyzed the CDC data. “Our goal was to get older people and high-risk people vaccinated as fast as possible.


“So if you look at the whole population, we haven’t been prioritizing getting young people through the gate as fast as possible. And other states have been doing that.”

In aiming to get older people vaccinated first, Indiana did stack up well in one notable way: It ranked nearly smack in the middle of all states (24th) for percentage of the population over age 65 (72.1%) with at least one COVID-19 dose, as of March 30.

And on another key metric, Indiana has outperformed the national median in the percentage of COVID-19 doses the state received that actually wound up in people’s arms: 82.2%, as of March 30; the national median is 81%. That ranked Indiana 22nd.

Indiana health officials say the figure might be misleading, because the state has been pushing vaccines into people’s arms as fast as possible, and the number of doses sitting unused is just a function of the day they’re being counted.

But even as the state has been keeping the vaccine clinics hopping, with a steady supply of doses, it has fallen short in one area through no fault of its own: the amount of vaccine it is receiving from the federal government.

Indiana ranked one place from the bottom, ahead of only Utah, for number of doses delivered per capita. Indiana officials have noticed, and said they are trying to figure out why.

“The federal government has given us the indication that this is going to be a short-lived process, in that we will all be receiving large amounts of vaccine by the last week of March and into April,” Box said on March 17. “So, hopefully, the vaccine [supply] is going to open up for everybody at that time.”

On Wednesday, state health officials announced they had received a boost in federal allocation, up from about 300,000 doses in recent weeks to 405,000 doses this week. On top of that, the federal government is hosting a mass vaccination site in Gary for eight weeks starting April 7, during which it aims to administer 2,000 doses a day, or about 112,000 doses in all.

For the masses

If so, that would be just in time for Indiana’s plan to throw open eligibility to all Hoosiers 16 and older. And the state is gearing up for another series of mass vaccinations at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway starting Friday, running intermittently over 16 days in April.

Only the single-dose Johnson & Johnson vaccine will be offered at IMS. Already, the first five days have been booked.

It’s a huge logistical project, trying to get that many people in and out of a location smoothly and consistently. But the state has pulled it off before, during a three-day drive-through clinic at the Speedway in early March.

During that mass vaccination, thousands of people arrived and were shepherded through the process methodically: entering the grounds through the main gate off West 16th Street to register. Then they pulled into one of the garages in Gasoline Alley for their shot. Afterward, they were directed to pull out near Pit Row for 15 minutes of observation.

That pattern is likely to be repeated this month, with the help of state health officials and the Indiana National Guard.

Much of the job actually vaccinating people will fall to nurses and pharmacists of Indiana University Health, the state’s clinical partner in the project.


About 1,000 IU Health workers will be on hand at one point or another this month at the mass vaccination clinic, said Dr. Chris Weaver, an emergency physician and chief clinical officer at IU Health.

He said that, while the challenge is daunting, IU Health has been vaccinating patients since mid-December, when the first Pfizer vaccine was made available, for a total of about 300,000 vaccines at more than a dozen sites across the state.

Clinical workers have gotten the process down to a well-established pattern, from checking in patients to administering the shots to observing people for 15 minutes afterward for possible reactions.

“I would say this is as well-oiled as anything I’ve seen in health care,” Weaver said.

And yet, of course, not everything always runs smoothly. Sometimes, the doses and needles arrive at the right place at the right time, and sometimes they don’t. When there’s a shortage in the supply chain, officials have to scramble to get things where they need to be quickly.

That’s probably true in any operation, but it’s especially critical when people have made appointments weeks in advance to get a vaccine on a certain day.

“Sometimes, we’ve had to get on the phone and borrow from other people,” said Sego at Community Health. “We may have to shift vaccine supply or needles from one location to another, just to make sure we had enough so we wouldn’t have to cancel any appointments.”

Overall, however, there have been few reports around the state of a botched vaccine rollout, or of doses not winding up in people’s arms at the right time. Things seem relatively orderly here, with a centralized appointment system that seems to have worked well and kept the process on track.

“There’s not mad rushes of people trying to call all different places to make appointments,” said Pollak of IU, who has watched Indiana’s process closely. “Maybe we’re not leading the pack or setting any records, but we’re certainly doing a good job, I think, kind of where the medium states have been.”

End game

How much longer Indiana and other states will be in the COVID-19 business seems to be anyone’s guess.

Some, like Pollak, say that, at the current rate, Indiana could have a first dose to 80% of the population over the age of 18 by late August.

But others say it could go much longer. That’s because the vaccines have not yet been authorized for children, and researchers are still doing clinical trials to see how safe and effective they are for people under 18. That work could stretch through much of the year.

“We know that the studies right now are being done on children. And so we anticipate that children will then be eligible probably sometime in the fall at the soonest,” Sego said.

Community Health is planning to keep its vaccine clinics through the end of the year at its three major hospitals in Indianapolis and one in Anderson. But the Indianapolis-based clinics will shift from a walk-in model to a drive-through model later this month, Sego said.

Meanwhile, Franciscan Health said it might wind down its vaccine clinics as soon as May.

“I think the role of the hospital sites will diminish, and we’ll pivot to more of a routine vaccination model from your primary-care office or urgent care center or even the pharmacies,” Doehring said.

And how quickly and well Indiana finally emerges from the pandemic—and where it places among states—could take months to assess.

As health officials have repeatedly warned, the pandemic is not over, and people are continuing to be hospitalized or die from the virus, although in much smaller numbers than just four months ago, when the post-Thanksgiving surge nearly overwhelmed hospitals.

But some say that, as the vaccine supply increases, and as more states open their eligibility to more residents, many of the differences will become almost too small to measure.

“I suspect most of these differences will go away,” Pollak said, “simply because we’ll be just vaccinating people so quickly that, you know, the small differences now will look insignificant in another month or so.”•

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8 thoughts on “Indiana’s COVID vaccine rollout gets mixed reviews

  1. As a fully vaccinated Hoosier, I applaud the whole rollout. We had no issues using the automated system and the clinic we went to (actually two as Mom went to a different one) were professional, organized, and used automation for recordkeeping. We got our confirmation electronically immediately.

    Note: we were willing to go anywhere at anytime to get our shots. Everyone in our exercise class and at my husband’s volunteer activity are fully vaccinated. We still wear our masks to protect others until told not to do so.

  2. I read the article twice, and have no idea what the “mixed” review is, other than 30 year old Union school teachers didn’t get to cut the line. This product didn’t exist 90 days ago. The ramp up of production and distribution has been phenomenal. If you are 50 years old in Indiana and don’t have your shot or one scheduled, it’s because you have chosen not to. In 30 days, the same can be said for 18 and up. The is zero “mixed” about how IN has handled it.

    1. … If you are 50 years old in Indiana and don’t have your shot or one scheduled, it’s because you have chosen not to…
      The three reasons to not do it off of the top of my head are political/denial, religious, or medical. I’ll choose door #3. And for the record, I’ve also made it clear that if I get sick, I don’t want Bamlanivimab to be administered for the same reason. So far, none of the doctors who have discussed this with me have said, “do it anyway” but rather “I can’t fault your logic”.
      There’s also a number of online discussions about whether the vaccine manufacturers should be allowed to obtain patents. I have no problems with that — but it also means (in my book) they should be considered liable — you can’t have one without the other. That’s when I’ll get a shot.

  3. These percentage differences are just splitting hairs. And we all know the the numbers are likely off by a few percentage points in either direction. All states have proven they are not well suited at collecting and managing data. Indiana is to be applauded for the seamless roll out. Other states have been overwhelmed by folks trying to sign up. People have driven hours to get a shot and then have to repeat the process a few weeks later. Thanks to the states leaders for avoiding knee jerk reactions and the always complaining me first

  4. Mr. Russell… the next Q. after getting vaccination and herd immunity in late summer is HOW LONG DOES the VACCINATION LAST? “They do not know exactly” seems to be the only reporting we’ve gotten. A deeper dive on best guesstimates and when they will know better how long it will be (I read one article LONG ago that suggested 3-5 months… if true… we back at it again in the Fall…. starting over) … and of course the mutations occurring and where, etc. This is going to be a long walk and a lot more effort to slay this beast.

  5. Perhaps we just found ourselves navigating a conservative mindset. Pros and cons on both sides as the state worked to manage vaccine supply and rollout. Yes, the vaccine was available last December but there was no clear direction offered by the Trump Administration relative to how they intended to manage that supply. In briefings held weekly by the Governor and IDoH, they shared the information that they weren’t being told until Thursday or Friday of the week before as to what their allocation would be for the next week. So, in an effort to ensure they weren’t CANCELLING appointments because of lack of supply (as happened in other states) while ensuring they maintained adequate supply for those receiving first shots when their second shot cycle came around, officials didn’t focus on the metric that determined how much of a state’s total allocation had actually been ADMINISTERED. There are arguments on both sides of this discussion.
    With that said, a new federal response was initiated that improved communication with states relative to future allocations. Supply has been improving and more vaccination sites are online to serve the demand. From daily vaccination rates in early January of 5,000-8,000 a day, Indiana is now achieving vaccination rates in the 50,000 – 60,000 shots per day. Add to that, mass vaccination sites at IMS, one in Sellersburg, IN and another at Notre Dame University and the state has clearly taken their gloves off to do what is necessary to ensure Hoosiers who wish to be vaccinated can get that done. This week a FEMA site will open in Gary, IN for eight (8) weeks to help penetrate those geographic areas that are deemed “underserved”. And although just one vaccine (J & J) provides the “one-and-done” opportunity; the availability and efficacy of the Moderna and Pfizer vaccines will propel the hard work of our state officials in their determined effort to help our state achieve a proper balance between Covid-19 continuing safety measures and a time when the “fear” of contracting Covid-19 is offset with the knowledge that the vaccines are safe and highly effective and will be the pathway to whatever “new normal” looks like. I am fully vaccinated and will continue to take precautions (wear my mask, socially distance, etc) to do my additional part to follow science and not politics.

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