Indiana is not liable to pay damages incurred by a company that provided stage rigging that collapsed and killed seven people during the 2011 state fair, the state's high court has unanimously ruled.
Mid-America Sound Corp. had argued that a voucher claim form the State Fair Commission signed months after the August 2011 collapse included an "indemnification" provision that released it from any claims arising from the use of its equipment. But the high court ruled Thursday that the invoice form's language "did not clearly and unequivocally provide for retroactive application" of that provision for any claims arising from the deadly rigging collapse.
Chief Justice Loretta Rush also wrote that the "need for explicit language is especially important when an agreement involves retroactive indemnity."
Thursday's ruling vacates a 2015 state appeals court ruling that had overturned a trial judge's finding that Mid-America Sound could not shift its liabilities to the state.
Seven people were killed and nearly 100 were injured when high winds toppled rigging and sent the roof of the stage onto fans awaiting the start of a concert by the country duo Sugarland at the fairgrounds in Indianapolis.
Indiana has paid out $11 million to victims of the collapse, including $5 million under the state's liability cap and $6 million in public funds freed up by the General Assembly.
The amount of damages Mid-America Sound faces in lawsuits filed following that disaster remains under court seal. Attorneys for the company did not immediately return messages left Friday seeking comment.
Indiana Attorney General Greg Zoeller said in a statement that he's relieved the court ruled against Mid-America Sound's effort to "shift its legal responsibility for the State Fair tragedy onto the taxpayers."
Indiana's attorneys argued during September's hearing in front of the high court that the State Fair Commission is a state entity that cannot be required to pay the liability faced by a private company and that doing so would violate state law.
Indiana Solicitor General Thomas Fisher also told the justices the indemnification provision in Mid-America's invoice claim form was "a gotcha claim."
Robert MacGill, an attorney for Mid-America Sound, said in September that the company had inserted the indemnification provision in 2003, after the company tried to halt a 2002 State Fair concert as severe weather threatened but was rebuffed by fair officials. MacGill said the State Fair Commission had signed such forms with the company for nine years and all of those included the same provision.