The recession faded in the spring with economic activity shrinking at a pace of just 0.7 percent, a better-than-expected
showing that buttressed beliefs the economy is now growing.
The small dip in gross domestic product for the April-June
quarter follows the 6.4-percent annualized drop in the first three months of this year, the worst slide in nearly three decades.
In the final quarter of last year, the economy sank at a rate of 5.4 percent
The new reading on second-quarter
GDP, reported by the Commerce Department on Wednesday, shows the economy shrinking less than the 1-percent pace previously
estimated. It also was better than the annualized 1.1-percent drop that economists were predicting.
The final revision
of second-quarter GDP comes on the last day of the third quarter, in which many analysts predict the economy started growing
again at a pace of about 3 percent.
Gross domestic product measures the value of all goods and services —
from machines to manicures — produced in the U.S. It is the best estimate of the nation’s economic health.
A main reason for the second-quarter upgrade: businesses didn’t cut back spending on equipment and software nearly as deeply
as the government had thought. Consumers also didn’t trim their spending as much.
Many analysts predict the economy
started growing again in the July-September quarter, due partly to the federal government’s $787 billion stimulus package
and now-defunct Cash for Clunkers program, which ginned up auto sales. It offered people rebates of up to $4,500 to buy new
cars and trade in less efficient gas guzzlers.
Earlier this month, Federal Reserve Chairman Ben Bernanke said the
recession, which started in December 2007, is "very likely over."
But he warned that pain will persist
— especially for the nearly 15 million unemployed Americans.
Because the recovery is expected to slow to
a more plodding pace in the coming months, the nation’s unemployment rate — now at a 26-year high of 9.7 percent —
is expected top 10 percent this year. Economists predict it will have nudged up to 9.8 percent for September when the government
releases that report Friday.
The economy has now contracted for a record four straight quarters for the first time
on records dating to 1947, underscoring the toll the recession has taken on consumers and businesses.
In the second
quarter, consumers trimmed their spending at a rate of 0.9 percent. That was slightly less than the 1 percent annualized drop
estimated a month ago, but marked a reversal from the first quarter when consumers boosted spending 0.6 percent.
Many analysts predict that consumer spending will move back into positive territory again in the third quarter. But worries
linger that rising unemployment and still hard-to-get credit could crimp such spending, which accounts for about 70 percent
of economic activity, and hobble the recovery.
Less drastic cuts in business spending contributed to the second-quarter’s
Businesses trimmed spending on equipment and software at a pace of 4.9 percent. That wasn’t as
deep as the 8.4-percent annualized drop previously estimated for the second quarter, and marked a big improvement from an
annualized plunge of 36.4 percent in the first quarter.
A key area where businesses did cut more deeply in the
spring was inventories.
They slashed spending at a record pace of $160.2 billion. But there’s a silver lining to
that: With inventories at rock-bottom, businesses have started to boost production to satisfy customer demand, one of the
forces that should lift GDP in the third quarter, analysts say.
The report also showed that after-tax profits of
U.S. corporations rose 0.9 percent in the spring, the second straight quarterly gain.
Spending on housing projects
fell at a rate of 23.3 percent in the second quarter, also not as deep as the annualized drop of 38.2 percent in the first