Citizens Energy Group’s plan to buy the city’s water and sewer systems will require the utility to raise $262
million in new bond debt.
And the $1.5 billion in debt from the city utilities that Citizens will inherit will more than triple its existing debt load.
Yet Citizens executives maintain the financial load of the $1.9 billion deal should not impair the bond ratings of its principal
utilities—Citizens Gas, which serves 266,000 customers, and Citizens Thermal, which provides steam and chilled water
to more than 200 downtown buildings.
“We do not anticipate it will affect the credit” negatively, said Carey Lykins, president and CEO of Citizens
Company officials say ratings agencies view each of Citizens’ regulated utilities separately.
But bond ratings agencies are not entirely myopic in that regard.
For example, earlier this month, in assigning an A2 “stable” rating to $10.6 million in bonds for Citizens Thermal,
Moody’s Investors Service noted that the rating is also “based on the sound record of financial results, including
the strength of the consolidated Citizens Energy Group Trust.”
Maintaining top-notch credit is important to preserving favorable financing rates to minimize the cost of infrastructure
improvements. Between now and 2014, Citizens Energy plans to spend $50 million annually, primarily for distribution line improvements,
Credit ratings agencies have yet to digest Citizens’ proposed water/sewer acquisitions, announced March 10.
The deal, if approved by the City-County Council, the boards of the city utilities and state regulators, would require Citizens
to assume $1.5 billion in city debt consisting of the combined debt of the water and sewer utilities.
Citizens Energy’s existing long-term debt is one-third of that amount, or $471.1 million, according to its 2009 annual
In its most recent rating of the gas utility’s debt, Moody’s last month cited strengths such as sound gas price
hedging strategies, limiting borrowing plans, and the benefits of the gas utility “which includes earnings of affiliated
As for cash to complete the water and sewer system purchase, Lykins contemplates raising $262 million through bonds. Citizens
is looking at using “Build America” bonds, which the U.S. Treasury introduced last year. They provide a federal
subsidy for a larger portion of borrowing costs than traditional tax-exempt bonds, equal to 35 percent of the interest payment
on the bonds.
Under the proposed sale, the city would receive total proceeds of $425 million, in addition to casting off the $1.5 billion
Citizens would pay the city $262.6 million by October 2011. The balance of the cash the city would get would come in the
form of annual payments.
Rather than receive the money gradually over time, the city plans a $140 million bond issue backed by those expected payments.
It also would receive the balance of money in the wastewater system’s general fund.
Mayor Greg Ballard heralds the deal for its potential to help the financially challenged city pay for numerous capital improvements,
from bike trails to roads. He called it the “equivalent of a massive jobs bill.”
Ballard has also championed the measure as a way to take politics out of the city’s utilities, which have long been
haunted by real and imagined incidents of political patronage.
Opponents of Ballard’s utility sale, including several leading Democrats, have assailed
the mayor’s proposed deal, arguing an independent consulting firm should have been engaged to study the 24 proposals
received for the utilities.
The mayor instead created an infrastructure advisory commission, chaired by William Blomquist, dean of the school of liberal
arts at IUPUI, to study options for the city’s utilities.
Critics also decry the removal of the City-County Council’s oversight of ratemaking.
Ballard counters removing the utilities from city control also allows a more businesslike evaluation of ratemaking, removing
political pressure that sometimes makes it difficult to raise rates to fund needed infrastructure improvements.
The mayor’s staff noted that the Indiana Utility Regulatory Commission also reviews water rates, along with input from
the Office of Utility Consumer Counselor.
But water and, to some degree, wastewater operations would indeed be a new business for Citizens. It did operate a wastewater
facility at its former coke oven plant along Prospect Street, but water is a whole different story.
As a result, Citizens intends to continue to work, in an as-of-yet-undefined way, with Veolia Water and with United Water,
which now manage for the city the water and wastewater systems, respectively.
Lykins said there’s an informal agreement with those firms to tap their expertise. He foresees a more formal arrangement
later as Citizens dives deeper into the books and operations of the city utilities “to figure out who’s going
to do what.”
Ultimately, the combination of the city utilities with Citizens’ holdings is expected to provide cost savings across
the board, such as better joint procurement opportunities and the elimination of duplicative back-office functions.
The annual savings are projected to be $40 million a year, yet Citizens officials won’t say how many jobs will be eliminated.
Citizens now has about 750 employees. The city’s two utilities, combined, are estimated to have at least as many.
City officials said Citizens provided the best potential for bringing rate savings. Unlike an investor-owned utility, it
can use tax-exempt financing under its status as a public charitable trust.
Michael Huber, the city’s director of enterprise development, said while some of the 23 other firms that expressed
interest in the water and sewer utilities may have been able to provide more upfront cash, Citizens brought the greatest potential
for helping reduce rates for customers.
Still, the debate will rage in coming months as to whether selling the utilities to Citizens provided the highest and best
return for taxpayers.
Might, for example, the city have waited until market conditions improved for the hope of fetching a higher price for the
utilities? Some still contend the city in 2002, under former Mayor Bart Peterson, paid too much—$515 million—to
buy the water company from Merrillville-based utility NiSource.
One former Indianapolis Water Co. executive under NiSource ownership, former general counsel Peter Beering, said a case could
be made that now is the time for the city to sell the utilities, particularly in light of infrastructure needs.
With property tax caps and the economy still sluggish, “the stress on your [city] budget is immense,” he said.
“You don’t have many options” for raising cash.
Indianapolis Water currently is seeking a 35-percent rate increase to pay for capital improvements that had been delayed
for years under a rate freeze following the city’s purchase of the utility.
As for Citizens, “those guys know how to make hard choices. They’re in a very different business,” Beering