The United States and China have the two largest economies in the world. The total volume of world trade has nearly quadrupled since the early 1990s, which means the global economy is more interconnected than ever before. Additionally, we’re finally experiencing a synchronized global economic expansion.
Any disruption to the flow of goods could wreak havoc on manufacturing supply chains (that can cross multiple borders) and have negative implications for growth, inflation, productivity and real incomes.
Protectionist campaign rhetoric has become policy, which has understandably made investors nervous and was a proximate cause for the market’s swoon. The current trade spat began with the Trump administration’s levying tariffs on steel and aluminum product imports. This was soon followed by the announcement that the United States would institute 25 percent tariffs on $50 billion of imports from China, which was immediately met by an announcement that China would levy tariffs on $50 billion of imports from the United States. Not to be outdone, the president announced by tweet that the United States would double-down and target an additional $100 billion of imports from China.
Where it stops, nobody knows.
We hope/believe much of this talk is “saber-rattling” and posturing ahead of negotiations that will occur between the United States and China in the coming weeks, before tariffs are actually implemented.
Nobody is suggesting the complaints against China’s trade/industrial policies aren’t legitimate. The Chinese government provides big subsidies to companies important to its state-led plan and is pretty loose regarding intellectual property protections. Additionally, China has an ambitious plan known as Made in China 2025, the goal of which is to dominate several cutting-edge technologies.
While the stock market has been subject to large swings depending on the temperature of that day’s trade tensions, there is little evidence the current tit-for-tat spat has hurt economic activity, yet. Indeed, the Conference Board’s Leading Economic Index remains in a strong uptrend. Thus far, this has been a display of brinksmanship and a high-stakes game of chicken. If it stops here, the damage should be limited.
However, if the hard-liners prevail and this spat turns into a war, all bets are off. In particular, Reuters pointed out that China has the “nuclear option” as America’s largest foreign creditor, with holdings of U.S. Treasury securities of $1.17 trillion as of the end of January. That’s a huge stick few are currently talking about.
“May you live in interesting times” is purported to be a translation of a traditional Chinese curse and might be appropriate now, on several levels. According to Bespoke, from Election Day 2016 through the S&P 500’s all-time record high on Jan. 26, the index added $6.3 trillion in market value to take its total to $25.5 trillion. Since then, the index has lost $2.3 trillion (the 25 largest-cap S&P 500 stocks losing $1 trillion, or 40 percent of the total loss), surrendering more than one-third of the post-election gains.
Like him or not, this president is all about the “ratings.” As Benjamin Graham said, the stock market is a voting (or ratings) machine, over the short term. We think the market is saying it favors certainty over uncertainty and cool over heat. We hope the rest of 2018 is less “interesting,” but will be prepared for whatever happens.•
The column is an excerpt of Kirr Marbach & Co.’s client letter, available at www.kirrmar.com. Kim is the firm’s chief operating officer and chief compliance officer. He can be reached at 812-376-9444 or firstname.lastname@example.org.