General Growth Properties Inc., the bankrupt U.S. mall owner, delayed a hearing on its bidding process for a third time after
receiving a new takeover bid from rival Simon Property Group Inc.
General Growth said the hearing before U.S. Bankruptcy Judge Allan Gropper has been moved from Wednesday to Friday. The hearing had already been pushed back twice from its original date of April 29. The Chicago-based company said Monday it would back a financing plan led by Brookfield Asset Management Inc., a day after getting the new buyout proposal from Simon.
Simon, the largest U.S. mall owner, offered about $5.8 billion in stock and cash to buy General Growth and said it would pay down about $7 billion of unsecured debt, a person with knowledge of the bid said. The offer is the company’s third attempt to buy or gain a piece of its biggest rival. A $10 billion buyout bid was spurned in February, and General Growth said Monday it will support a revised plan by Brookfield in court over a similar one proposed by Simon last month.
“It’s been pretty clear that Brookfield wants to win this thing, and for Simon it’s not an everyday occurrence to get a portfolio the size and scale of General Growth,” Alexander Goldfarb, an analyst with Sandler O’Neill & Partners LP in New York, said in an interview. “It comes down to the judge’s decision.”
Blackstone Group LP, the world’s largest private equity firm, is participating in Simon’s General Growth bid, a person with knowledge of the discussions said. Blackstone would contribute more than $1 billion to the plan, which may include forming a joint venture for as many as 40 of General Growth’s properties, said the person, who asked not to be named because the talks are private.
Christine Anderson, a spokeswoman for New York-based Blackstone, declined to comment.
Simon won’t make any more proposals should its latest one be turned down or if the court approves Brookfield’s plan, which includes issuing warrants that make a takeover more costly, the person familiar with the Indianapolis-based company’s bid said.
Glenn Tongue, managing partner of General Growth investor T2 Partners LLC, said he doesn’t believe Simon’s latest offer, valued at $18.25 a share, will be its last. General Growth is worth “well into the $20s” on a per-share basis, and Simon may make a new bid before the May 7 hearing, Tongue said Tuesday in an interview at an investment conference Pasadena, California.
“They are nowhere near their final, best offer as far as I’m concerned,” Tongue said. “This is an M&A mating dance and, frankly, it’s been playing out the way you expect it to with two very professional deal-doers. There’s a lot of to and fro.”
T2 Partners will remain a General Growth investor even if the company stays independent with investments from the Brookfield-led group, Tongue said. T2, based in New York, owns about 2 million General Growth shares, and has bought about 100,000 since mid-April, he said.
The revised proposal by Brookfield and its partners, Fairholme Capital Management LLC and Pershing Square Capital Management LP, has “significantly enhanced terms” over the group’s original investment agreement, General Growth said in court documents filed in Manhattan yesterday.
Goldfarb of Sandler O’Neill and Benjamin Yang of Keefe, Bruyette & Woods Inc. in San Francisco said it’s likely that U.S. Bankruptcy Judge Allan Gropper will approve the Brookfield- led plan.
“So far, the judge has given GGP leeway in plotting its exit strategy,” Yang wrote late Monday in a note to investors. “Given how much progress GGP’s management and board have made since filing for bankruptcy a year ago, including stirring up interest in the company from multiple bidders, we believe the judge will be more likely to follow the board’s recommendation.”
Bruce Berkowitz, founder of Miami-based Fairholme, said his investment plan deserves court approval. At the same time, Simon still may make an improved bid for General Growth, he said.
“Is there a higher price that can win? Of course there is,” Berkowitz said in an interview at the conference in Pasadena. “Right now we’re at sort of the depths of the real estate recession. At least with our proposal, everybody lives to fight another day.”
The latest Brookfield proposal has as much as $7 billion in equity commitments—$500 million more than the prior one—and includes an optional backstop for $1.5 billion in debt financing if the company asks for it, according to court documents.
Under the new plan, Toronto-based Brookfield and its partners would get 40 percent of 120 million stock warrants they’re seeking once their proposal is approved by the court. They would receive 20 percent more on July 12, and the remainder over the course of their commitment to General Growth.
Staggering the warrants would lower the extra price another bidder, such as Simon, would have to pay should it make an offer for the company. Simon’s competing investment plan, submitted last month, eliminates the warrants.
“General Growth has concluded that accepting a minority investment from Simon Property Group—even one without the warrants—would likely deter other parties from putting together a competing proposal and overall create a one-horse race,” lawyers for General Growth wrote in the filing. The company is reviewing the newest Simon takeover, received May 2, according to the filing.
Under Simon’s new offer, the company would pay $13.25 a share for the new General Growth Properties—$10 in Simon stock and $3.25 in cash—and would back-stop the $5-a-share offering for a company to be spun off, General Growth Opportunities, said the person familiar with the plan.
Simon also would pay down about $7 billion in unsecured General Growth debt and assume more than $20 billion of mortgages, the person said.
Les Morris, a spokesman for Simon, said he had no comment.
General Growth won’t be able to go to court “without having some response to Simon’s topping offer,” said David Fick, an analyst with Stifel Nicolaus & Co. in Baltimore. He expects Simon to ultimately succeed in purchasing its rival.
“It doesn’t make sense as a standalone,” he said of General Growth.
General Growth filed the largest real estate bankruptcy in U.S. history in April 2009 after amassing $27 billion in debt making acquisitions. Its properties include New York’s South Street Seaport, Boston’s Faneuil Hall and the Grand Canal Shoppes and Fashion Show in Las Vegas.