National, state foreclosure filings fall

The number of homeowners on the brink of losing their homes dipped both nationally and in Indiana in October, according to an industry report issued today.

More than 332,000 U.S. households, or one in every 385 homes, received a foreclosure-related notice in October, such as a notice of default or trustee’s sale. That’s down 3 percent from September, the third straight monthly decline.

But national foreclosure filings are still up 19 percent from a year ago, RealtyTrac Inc. said Thursday in its latestreport, and rising job losses continue to threaten the stabilizing trend.

Indiana is faring better than the national trend. Foreclosure filings were down only 1.5 percent in October from the previous month, but have fallen a whopping 18.5 percent from October 2008. The total of 4,386 Indiana properties with foreclosure filings in October represents one out of every 633 housing units, ranking Indiana 21st among states in that category.  

Nationally, banks repossessed more than 77,000 homes last month, down from nearly 88,000 homes in September.

New state programs, like one launched in Nevada in July, that require mediation before banks can seize a property have helped stem foreclosure activity, said Rick Sharga, senior vice president at RealtyTrac.

Also, anecdotally, lenders are delaying foreclosure as they evaluate which borrowers might qualify for the federal loan modification program, he said.

"That’s the reason there’s been a buildup of homes that are seriously delinquent but not foreclosed," he said.

Despite Nevada’s legislative efforts to slow foreclosures, the state still clocked in the nation’s highest foreclosure rate for the 34th month in a row, followed by California, Florida, Arizona and Idaho. Rounding out the top 10 were Illinois, Michigan, Georgia, Maryland and Utah. One in every 80 housing units in Nevada received a foreclosure filing in October.

Among cities, Las Vegas had the highest rate, the report showed. One in 68 homes there received a foreclosure filing in October, more than five times the national average. Seven of the top ten metros were in California, led by Vallejo and Modesto at No. 2 and 3.

After three years of declines, home prices reversed course in June and have been rapidly climbing month-over-month. This will rebuild home equity and reduce the number of borrowers that owe more than their homes are worth.

Still, foreclosures remain near record highs and the mortgage industry is still struggling to manage the onslaught. The government has had to push many lenders to participate in the Obama administration’s loan modification plan.

The Treasury Department said Tuesday that more than 650,000 borrowers, or 20 percent of those eligible, had signed up for temporary trial plans lasting up to five months. But since the beginning of September, only about 1,700 modifications had been made permanent. The Treasury Department expects to release updated data later this month.

Congress last week also extended and expanded a key federal tax credit for homebuyers that has been credited for boosting home sales recently.

Buyers who have owned their current homes for at least five years are eligible for tax credits of up to $6,500, while first-time homebuyers — or anyone who hasn’t owned a home in the last three years — would still get up to $8,000. To qualify, buyers have to sign a purchase agreement by April 30, 2010, and close by June 30.

"Anything that stimulates buying activity," Sharga said, "will go a long way to mediate the foreclosure problem."

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