FRIEDMAN: Fiscal, environmental mess cries for leaders

Keywords Forefront / Opinion

Thomas L. FriedmanIt is difficult to read the news from Japan to the Persian Gulf and then reflect on American politics and not conclude, as scientists would say, that we’re running an uncontrolled experiment on the only country and planet we have. And what is that experiment? We’re basically taunting—there is no other word for it—the two most merciless forces on earth: the market and Mother Nature.

At a time when Japan is suffering a nuclear catastrophe that is likely to make the world even more dependent on oil and gas, at a time when the world’s top oil and gas producers are entering what will be, at best, an unstable, and, at worst, a viciously violent transition from autocracy to, one hopes, democracy, and at a time when the combination of the two could slow global growth while we’re still trying to climb out of recession, America has no energy policy, no climate policy and no long-term plan to deal with its unsustainable deficit.

We’re basically saying to the market and Mother Nature: “Bring it on. We’re going to be dumb as we wanna be and put off all these big decisions because our two political parties would rather focus on winning the next election and blaming the other guy than making difficult choices.”

Maybe the market and Mother Nature will accommodate us and wait until 2013.

If, on the other hand, the market suddenly loses confidence in our ability to maintain the value of our currency, or Mother Nature hits some internal climate tipping point, or Saudi Arabia is destabilized—any one of which could happen without warning—we will not have the luxury of a painless extraction from this situation.

President Barack Obama has the right convictions on all these issues, but he has not shown the courage of his convictions. The Republicans have just gone nuts.

Obama eloquently describes our energy, climate and fiscal predicaments: how we have to end our addiction to oil and cut spending and raise revenues in a way that also invests in the future. But on energy, he has not put his own plan on the table and then tried to sell it.

On fiscal policy, the president has put forth a decent opening budget bid and has opted for the same inside game of letting Congress take the lead in forging a compromise with the GOP that would bring spending under control and raise revenues. That inside game worked for the president in producing health care reform and the stimulus, but in those cases he had a Democratic majority. I fear this time he will not have the votes for the kind of serious, sensible budget cuts and tax increases we need—without his leading.

Republicans, by contrast, are insisting that we can somehow drill our way out of our energy problems, and House Republicans reported out of committee a bill that would block the EPA from taking action to reduce greenhouse gases, while also slashing government funds to keep air and water clean. The GOP is calling for cuts in the things we need to invest more in—like education and infrastructure—while leaving largely untouched things we need to reduce, like entitlements and defense. A country that invests more in its elderly than its youth will neither invent the future nor own it.

The world is caught in a dangerous feedback loop—higher oil prices and climate disruptions lead to higher food prices, higher food prices lead to more instability, more instability leads to higher oil prices. That’s why the world needs a strong America more than ever, and that’s why it is vital that we fix our structural problems—now.

If we leave it for the market and Mother Nature to make the adjustments for us, we will be sorry—and so will the world. We are the keystone holding up the global system. If we go weak, our kids won’t just grow up in a different America; they will grow up in a different world.•


Friedman is a New York Times columnist. Send comments on this column to

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