Now that a Republican is heading into the state superintendent of public instruction's office in January, Indiana lawmakers — Republicans and Democrats — might start singing a different tune about the powers of that office.
The office has been the subject of dispute since 2012 when Democrat Glenda Ritz defeated Republican Tony Bennett in a surprise upset, becoming the only Democrat elected to statewide office.
Since then, as Ritz clashed repeatedly with Gov. Mike Pence and other GOP lawmakers, Republicans have openly questioned the role of Indiana’s state superintendent, suggesting the job should have less power and should be appointed by the governor rather than elected.
During Ritz’s superintendency, GOP lawmakers passed a bill giving the Indiana State Board of Education the right to choose its own leader rather than having the superintendent automatically assigned as board chair.
But in the weeks since Republican Jennifer McCormick blocked Ritz’s re-election bid, the GOP's resolve to limit the state superintendent’s powers seems to have diminished.
There might also be changes on the other side of the aisle, where Democrats signaled their support for a strong superintendent could waver.
At last Tuesday’s legislative Organization Day, House Speaker Brian Bosma, R-Indianapolis, said he’s advocated for reducing the superintendent’s power “for 30 years” but that he didn’t think he’ll make that a priority for the next legislative session beginning in January.
“I want to have a discussion with the superintendent-elect,” he said. “It’s probably not an issue for this session. Perhaps next.”
For Democrats who were in office when Indiana had Democratic governors, the question of appointing the state superintendent is a sticky one. Back then, Indiana had a Republican state superintendent and many Democrats argued the governor should appoint that position in order to have consistency in education policymaking.
But with Ritz in the role and constantly crossing swords with Pence, Democrats defended her against calls to strip power from her office.
Democratic House leader Scott Pelath of Michigan City said that’s why big changes, like taking away voters’ option to choose the state superintendent, shouldn’t be made lightly.
“On balance I think people like more choices rather than fewer at the ballot box,” he said. “I think we’ve had a system that has more or less functioned over a period of time. We shouldn’t change it without a great deal of hesitation.”
Even so, Pelath said he wasn’t necessarily opposed to making the superintendent job appointed.
“I have an open mind,” he said. “I could be convinced either way.”
With McCormick in and Ritz out, there could be a lot of second guessing on key questions about her role and her power.
Bosma was among a majority of Republicans who successfully backed a bill to change that longstanding rule, instead allowing the 11 board members to pick their own leader. Democrats opposed the change, arguing that it was a blatant attempt to take power away from the superintendent.
After fighting to give the board the option to choose someone besides the state superintendent as chair] — a right that kicks in for the first time next year — Bosma declined to say whether he thinks the board members should simply select McCormick for the role. “I have not made a determination on that,” he said.
Pelath said he still thinks the state superintendent should chair the board, even if it’s McCormick.
“That’s one you can’t have both ways,” he said. “I support the way that it was before the attacks on Superintendent Ritz and the stripping of her abilities. If we’re going to have a state superintendent this person should be empowered to do something about education.”
Bosma said he wants to let the changes the legislature made to the state board play out.
“I think the system we put into place has worked,” he said. “Is it perfect? Probably not. We’ll let the new superintendent get her legs under herself first and get the Department of Education back on track, because I’m not sure it is right now, and let the dust settle.”
Chalkbeat is a not-for-profit news site covering educational change in public schools.