Suburban schools, English-learners and virtual schools would fare well under the Indiana House’s 2017 budget plan, while Indianapolis Public Schools and other urban districts would see drops in state support.
In the Republican-crafted two-year budget draft, presented to the House Ways and Means Committee on Wednesday, Indiana schools are projected to get an extra $273 million to support student learning, a 2.8 percent increase overall. Basic per-student funding that all districts get would also increase to $5,323 in 2019, up 4.6 percent from the $5,088 they received in 2017.
Much like in 2015, almost every district in Marion County would see a slight increase in state funding, with the largest bumps going to Beech Grove and Perry Townships. Each would get nearly 8 percent more in tuition support—the state’s contribution that funds each student’s education. Both districts’ boosts can be attributed in part to growing student populations.
Only one district in the county is expected to lose funding. IPS would see a big decline in state aid under the proposed budget, down by nearly 5 percent. That’s partially because enrollment is projected to decline over the next two years. But the largest drop would come from a reduction in the “complexity index”—extra dollars districts receive to educate poor students. That amount would fall by $9.4 million by 2019.
During her campaign, state Superintendent of Public Instruction Jennifer McCormick called for adjustments to the complexity index, but House lawmakers kept the calculation as it was. It will continue to rely on how many families qualify for food stamps, foster care and welfare programs.
Although IPS and other urban districts—such as those in Gary, East Chicago and Hammond—lose either tuition support, per-student funding or both, many township and suburban districts saw increases.
In order to cover those increases in a year when state revenues are less than expected, Rep. Tim Brown, R-Crawfordsville, chairman of the budget-making House Ways and Means Committee, said the state did have to make cuts.
The House plan axes money for teacher performance bonuses. Last year, Indiana paid $40 million for the bonuses, which varied widely from district to district. High-performing teachers from wealthier districts got as much as a few thousand dollars, while those in poorer urban districts, such as Wayne Township, received less than $50.
Brown said the priority was finding a way to increase funding for all students.
“We made the decision, especially in this tight first year, to see what we could do to boost the foundation for every child in Indiana,” Brown said.
That move is likely to see pushback from the Senate. Sen. Luke Kenley, R-Noblesville, said he’d like to see the bonuses continue, albeit in a fairer way.
The House plan would also increase the budget for English-learners by 50 percent, going to $300 per student in 2018 and $350 per student in 2019, up from $200 per student in 2017.
Virtual charter schools, previously funded at just 90 percent of what other schools receive from the state, are bumped up to 100 percent under this plan. The proposal comes as Indiana’s online schools have struggled to find success—each one received an F from the state in 2016.
However, Brown argued they should be treated the same as other schools because “every child is equal.”
The overall $273 million boost to schools would also include an 11.3 percent increase in funding to Indiana’s taxpayer-funded voucher program, where families can use state dollars for private school tuition. Contributions are expected to move to $163 million in 2019, up from $146 million in 2017 due to higher anticipated participation.
The House plan suets aside less than what Gov. Eric Holcomb and McCormick have endorsed, but Brown said that the House’s plan—unlike Holcomb’s—is based on what was actually spent in 2017, not what lawmakers originally appropriated. State school districts enrolled fewer students than anticipated, so less money was spent.
The plan still has to pass out of Ways and Means before it heads to the full House, likely sometime next week.
The budget also includes:
— $20 million per year for the state’s preschool program
— $1.5 million per year for developing teacher “career pathways.”
— $1 million per year to improve school internet access.
— $2 million over two years for schools to use toward counseling and student support services, such as ones provided through groups like Communities In Schools.
— $5 million over two years in incentive grants for schools and districts that consolidate services
— $500,000 per year for dual language immersion programs
— Students with the most severe special needs would get a 4 percent increase in per-student funding over the next two years.
— $12.5 million per year (up from $9.5 million) for the state’s Tax Credit Scholarship program
— $12.5 million per year for the Charter and Innovation Network School Grant Program
Chalkbeat is a not-for-profit news site covering educational change in public schools.