Memory Bank: Barges loaded with coal float on Ohio River

Coal mining began in Indiana in the early 1800s. The first mine in Warrick County—in the heart of Indiana’s coal country—opened on Pigeon Creek in 1818. By the end of that century, the Pigeon Creek area had some 97 active mines. But Indiana coal was not just for Indiana’s use; it was transferred to barges on the Ohio River (as shown in this photo, believed to be taken in about 1900) and then to rail cars for use in other states. As recently as 1985, more than 6,000 people were employed in Indiana’s coal industry. Today, that number is less than 2,500. Still, Indiana is annually among the country’s top coal-producing states, with about a dozen companies mining as much as 35 million tons per year in 10 southwestern Indiana counties.

Sources: Indiana Business Research Center, Indiana Department of Natural Resources, Indiana Historical Society

Credit: This photo is courtesy of the Indiana Historical Society. More images are available at

Please enable JavaScript to view this content.

Story Continues Below

Editor's note: You can comment on IBJ stories by signing in to your IBJ account. If you have not registered, please sign up for a free account now. Please note our updated comment policy that will govern how comments are moderated.

{{ articles_remaining }}
Free {{ article_text }} Remaining
{{ articles_remaining }}
Free {{ article_text }} Remaining Article limit resets on
{{ count_down }}