City bicentennial celebrations ramp up despite pandemic

Indiana Historical Society architectural archivist Jordan Ryan explains sections of the group’s bicentennial exhibit. (IBJ photo/Eric Learned)

The city of Indianapolis is turning 200 and, although the pandemic has altered some plans, celebrations are underway and residents have plenty of opportunities to engage.

In 1820, the Indiana Legislature selected a group of commissioners to identify a spot for a new capital city near the center of the state to take advantage of western migration. Those commissioners soon chose an undeveloped site at Fall Creek and the White River. In early 1821, the General Assembly approved the location and named it Indianapolis.

Schaffer

And so the city was born.

Celebrations commemorating Indianapolis’ bicentennial kicked off in June and will last through May. They span a 12-month period across 2020-2021 because there’s no consensus on which of the two years should qualify as the bicentennial.

The city’s centennial was celebrated in 1920, but the sesquicentennial was celebrated in 1971.

Taylor Schaffer, deputy chief of staff to Mayor Joe Hogsett and an organizer of the bicentennial, said the city is following the sesquicentennial’s pattern of events spread across many months, and the inclusion of legacy projects.

Bennett

Indianapolis’ 150th birthday was celebrated throughout the year with an address by then-Mayor Richard Lugar, special print editions in local news publications and the creation of legacy events—including the Indiana Black Expo and the Fourth of July fireworks show, which both continue today.

The Indiana Historical Society’s bicentennial exhibit covers topics ranging from early settlers to racial injustice. (IBJ photo/Eric Learned)

Bicentennial legacy projects include an exhibit at the Indiana Historical Society and small neighborhood events.

Not all commemorations will be in celebration. City leaders say a milestone birthday is a good opportunity to reflect and strive for a more inclusive and better city in the decades to come.

“The bicentennial has the opportunity to have deep and challenging conversations,” said Deputy Mayor of Community Development Jeff Bennett. “We don’t want to lose that opportunity simply because we can’t sit inside together. It’s important to always look back, but we can’t just look back with rose-colored glasses because history is complicated, and it’s complicated in Indianapolis.”

City leaders began bicentennial planning in 2018, when Hogsett appointed former mayors Bart Peterson and Greg Ballard as honorary co-chairmen of a bicentennial commission.

They made plans to partner with businesses and not-for-profits to highlight history, civic pride, innovation and legacy throughout the year.

A June 7 kickoff was planned on Monument Circle, where Hogsett would launch celebrations. Stages were reserved. Musical acts were on board.

Then the pandemic hit.

“I think, for so many reasons, that didn’t seem viable,” Schaffer told IBJ. “Not to mention the fact that, if I’m being honest, all of our time and attention was far more on COVID-related things than necessarily being able to safely put together an event like that.”

Instead of taking place in person, the kickoff moved to a 30-minute television event on WISH-TV Channel 8. Since then, several other events have also moved to online and digital formats or have been rescheduled.

The Indiana Historical Society, for example, planned a speakers series called Living the Legacy, which has moved to Zoom. The series discusses redlining, gentrification and urban design in Indianapolis. The next virtual event is set for 7 p.m. on Oct. 27.

And the Twin Aire Block Party, a commission-approved neighborhood event, had been planned for this summer but was moved to later this month.

Photographs in the Indiana Historical Society’s bicentennial exhibit document the city’s architectural changes. (IBJ photo/Eric Learned)

Keep Indianapolis Beautiful postponed a tree-planting day from Arbor Day to Oct. 24, when 200 trees will be planted in Garfield Park.

Still, some pieces of the celebration haven’t been altered.

Downtown Indy, Indy Chamber, Visit Indy and several other organizations teamed up to curate a #LoveIndy bucket list, putting together 200 Indianapolis experiences for Indy’s 200 years. Residents and visitors can build their own lineup of events and experiences throughout the year that they’re comfortable with, including strolling through Fountain Square, wandering through the catacombs under City Market and visiting the Indianapolis Zoo.

Perhaps the best way for residents to celebrate the bicentennial while learning more about the city’s past is to visit the bicentennial exhibit at the Indiana Historical Society.

Jordan Ryan, an architectural archivist at the historical society and coordinator of the exhibit, said it gives visitors a glimpse of the city’s complex history, addressing early settlers, racial inequities from the early 1900s to today, the similarities of the Spanish Flu of 1918 to the COVID-19 pandemic, and more.

Ryan spent two years sorting through the museum’s existing content and collecting new items from residents, government officials and the City-County Building to curate the exhibit.

In a living-history portion of the Indiana Historical Society’s bicentennial exhibit, actor Matt Walls portrays playwright William Bates as he prepares for the debut of his centennial pageant in 1920. (IBJ photo/Eric Learned)

It also includes a living history portion, in which visitors meet characters preparing for the city’s centennial pageant in 1920. The experience is based on the actual pageant script in the Indiana Historical Society’s William H. Smith Memorial Library archival collections.

The exhibit is open through August 2022.

“I think that we can really learn a lot about the challenges we face today, based on historic decisions and policy, and sometimes you just need a little distance to really make those connections,” Ryan said. “History does repeat itself, particularly on the local level.”

Other ways residents can engage with celebrations is by sipping on West Fork Whiskey Co.’s special bicentennial whiskey or the special four-pack Sun King Brewing will release in January. The city also collaborated with The Shop to sell bicentennial-themed T-shirts.

Other small events are listed at indyturns200.com. The website is updated in real time to reflect any further changes the pandemic might necessitate.

“It’s a little bit unfortunate that we can’t gather indoors in large groups as we are known to do in Indianapolis; it’s in our DNA to get together,” said deputy mayor Bennett.

“Hopefully, we get to a point—maybe late next spring—where we are able to have a public event on Monument Circle in the way we had envisioned to.”•

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3 thoughts on “City bicentennial celebrations ramp up despite pandemic

  1. It’s always unsettling when public officials, as in the example of the quote from mayor’s office spokesperson Taylor Schaffer, preface or condition their media statements with qualifiers like: “… if I am being honest….”. As if truthfulness is a discretionary conditional or the exception to accurately communicating to the public. Then again, we should remember journalist Irving Stone’s oft-quoted quip from the early part of the last century: “All governments lie…”

  2. Indianapolis is 200 years old this year. The IBJ front paged a story about it. Unfortunately they featured a prominent picture of a Redline map from 1937 without any mention of it in the story. Redlining was basically a credit map of which areas of town, people would pay their mortgages and keep up their houses. The oldest parts of Indianapolis were a bit over 100 years old. Many of these homes had fallen into disrepair and lacked adequate water, heat, bathrooms, electrical wiring and closets.

    Redlining was done under a Federal Order. According to Wikipedia, In 1935, the Federal Home Loan Bank Board (FHLBB) asked the Home Owners’ Loan Corporation (HOLC) to look at 239 cities and create “residential security maps” to indicate the level of security for real-estate investments in each surveyed city. On the maps, the newest areas—those considered desirable for lending purposes—were outlined in green and known as “Type A”. These were typically affluent suburbs on the outskirts of cities. “Type B” neighborhoods, outlined in blue, were considered “Still Desirable”, whereas older “Type C” were labeled “Declining” and outlined in yellow. “Type D” neighborhoods were outlined in red and were considered the most risky for mortgage support.
    These neighborhoods tended to be the older districts in the center of cities; often they were also black neighborhoods. Urban planning historians theorize that the maps were used by private and public entities for years afterward to deny loans to people in black communities Recent research has indicated that the HOLC did not redline in its own lending activities and that the racist language reflected the bias of the private sector and experts hired to conduct the appraisals . By the late 50’s, Redlining started having noticeably ill effects. Neighborhoods that were primarily single family, owned or mortgaged started experiencing opportunistic buyers who instead of moving in, started renting these homes for very low, attractive rates . The new inhabitants didn’t maintain their homes up to the old par or care much for landscaping and mowing.
    The great migration to the suburbs began. Land was cheaper, schools were being built, roads were being paved to the county line, and stores and shopping made living near the county line easier & possible.
    The next problem to hit most cities was highway construction, which was poorly planned, expensive, and tended to divide cities into two or more areas, destroying the cohesiveness of the older neighborhoods. Steven Pettinga (subscriber) Indianapolis

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