The budget struggle in Muncie has true statewide implications. Big budget cuts and layoffs of 40 percent of the fire department
are summer fare. It is worth watching beyond the city itself, but for those of you not familiar with Muncie’s woes, a brief
primer is needed.
property-tax debate didn’t start in Muncie, but some of the most useful arguments about the injurious property taxes came
from this fair city. With property-tax rates pushing 5 percent and a full suite of underperforming public services, Muncie
had managed to make itself largely unlivable. Who would indeed have thought this possible 50 years ago?
The exodus of commerce and residents was not
sufficient to motivate change. It took the state to begin the fix. The phase-in of property-tax caps
rightfully constrained local spending in places where it had run amok. But the real problem isn’t just
spending, it is that local government in Indiana is so ill-conceived.
After months of a budget impasse, and much wrangling, Muncie’s mayor announced that 40 firefighters
would be laid off. This, along with several other belt-tightening measures, would prevent bankruptcy
by year’s end. It is worth noting that these cuts would leave Muncie with a police-to-firefighter ratio
that is right at the Midwest average (1.6-to-1).
A mystery group labeling itself the Community Action Committee delivered a last-minute alternative
budget proposal. The specifics of the proposal are largely irrelevant, but one essence of their proposal–local
government consolidation–should be viewed closely by everyone around the state.
One piece of the proposal that merits comments
is the proposed consolidation of the Muncie city fire department with that of the township. That the
township and city occupy virtually the same real estate should have prompted this proposal in the early
1900s. But this late proposal didn’t begin to touch the real consolidation problem.
Muncie is among many cities facing difficult choices. Sadly, the choices are all the more difficult
because the system is so poor. In fact, the budget concerns that Muncie and other local governments face
are really a circular problem. Taxes got out of hand largely because of an 18th century system of local
government. That same system cannot fix the problem–for it is the problem.
While Muncie wrestles with eliminating fire protection,
the real option for spending cuts cannot even be touched by the city. One example is the Muncie Sanitary
District. Its operations are independent of the city. It is its own taxing district. Muncie residents
are among a shrinking minority of Americans who still have public employees empty their trash cans each week. Simple
wisdom would simply end this service.
I can think of no better argument to consolidate local government than note that Muncie has been deprived of the choice to
keep firefighters or privatize trash collection.
Hicks is director of the Center for Business and Economic Research at Ball State University. His column appears weekly. He
can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.