Cigna Corp.’s acquisition by health-insurance rival Anthem Inc. might not be approved this year, Cigna said Friday in a regulatory filing.
Shares of both companies declined. An analyst said the delay could be a sign of trouble for the deal, which is one of two pending health-insurance combinations being scrutinized by regulators who have expressed concern about further concentration of the health care industry.
“While the company continues to work toward achieving regulatory approval as quickly as possible and to target a closing date in the second half of 2016, the closing will ultimately be subject to the approval and timing of the regulators,” Cigna said in its quarterly report with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. “In light of the complexity of the regulatory process and the dynamic environment, it is possible that such approvals may not be obtained in 2016.”
Joe Swedish, Anthem’s CEO, said last week that he expected the acquisition of Cigna to be completed in the second half of this year. On Friday, Jill Becher, an Anthem spokeswoman, said the insurer continued to expect the transaction to be completed on that timeline.
Anthem agreed in July to buy Cigna in a cash-and-stock deal that valued Cigna at about $48 billion. The transaction, along with Aetna Inc.’s pending acquisition of Humana Inc., would reduce the number of big U.S. health insurers to three from five.
The Anthem-Cigna merger requires approval from the Justice Department’s antitrust division as well as state insurance regulators. In March, Bill Baer, now the No. 3 official at the Justice Department, called the Cigna deal and Aetna’s deal for Humana “transformational” and said they required close scrutiny from the government.
Matt Asensio, a Cigna spokesman, declined to specify why the insurer cautioned that the deal may not happen this year.
“This disclosure reflects our current understanding, based on the breadth and depth of the review and where we believe we are in the process now,” Asensio said. “We feel that it’s a dynamic environment, and there’s a lot of complexity in the regulatory process, so it’s possible that the approvals may not be obtained in 2016.”
Cigna said in the filing that Anthem may owe it a breakup fee of $1.85 billion if the transaction isn’t completed by Jan. 31, 2017. That deadline can be pushed back to April 30, Cigna said.
Cigna fell 1.9 percent to $132.40 at 10:30 a.m. in New York, while Anthem declined less than 1 percent to $136.77.
Peter Costa, an analyst at Wells Fargo & Co., said Cigna’s disclosure indicates the deal could be delayed or not approved at all. “The 10Q deal timing disclosure is a significant item that likely widens the spread,” he wrote in a research note to clients.