“Build it, and they will come.” The phrase has been used in business for decades—a way of saying, “Start that company, and it will succeed.” And while baseball fans flocked to the “Field of Dreams” in the iconic movie from 1989, anyone who has started a business knows it takes more than just a great idea. It takes that plus dedication, persistence and a solid strategy. Sometimes it also takes incentives, big monetary incentives.
In many ways, the United States is the new Field of Dreams. Instead of ball fans, America is attracting microchip makers and in a very big way. Just take a look at recent announcements: Micron has pledged to build a $100 billion semiconductor complex in upstate New York. Intel broke ground on a $20 billion plant near Columbus, Ohio (with plans to quintuple that investment over two decades).
The list goes on and on, with investments totaling hundreds of billions of dollars all across the U.S. In many cases, these chip fabrication plants, or fabs, are part of a public-private collaborative effort. A prime example is in the Midwest where SkyWater, a U.S. home-grown chipmaker, will build a $1.8 billion fab in collaboration with Purdue University in West Lafayette, creating some 750 jobs.
Why the interest in producing microchips in the United States and, in some cases, moving production from Asia to North America? One big reason—let’s face it, the primary driver—is the CHIPS and Science Act, co-authored by my friend and fellow Marine, Sen. Todd Young. This bipartisan legislation will pump $52 billion directly into semiconductor manufacturing and $200 billion into research and development and provide $24 billion in tax credits—all of it aimed at outpacing the Chinese. Young understands that we’re amid a technology battle and that the Chinese Communist Party is a true adversary. As in any conflict, we must exhaust all resources and fight hard. CHIPS is pulling out all the stops, and clearly it’s working. The seed of $280 billion has already triggered an industry investment nearing twice that, at $477 billion.
“CHIPS for America is a once-in-a-generation investment that will position the United States to lead the world in semiconductor research, manufacturing, design, entrepreneurship and innovation for decades to come,” said Secretary of Commerce Gina Raimondo after the SkyWater fab announcement at Purdue University.
SkyWater has also established a presence at WestGate@Crane Technology Park, as has Illinois-based NHanced Semiconductors. The location, adjacent to NSWC Crane, is critical for engagement with the U.S. Department of Defense, which will be spearheading many CHIPS-related R&D efforts. One critical DOD initiative, specifically called out in the CHIPS and Science Act, is the Microelectronics Commons project to jump-start six technology areas critical to DOD war-fighting capacity.
“Getting a CHIPS appropriation was the easy part,” explained Bill McNavage, the program examiner for the defense investments branch of the Office of Management and Budget. “Now figuring out how [to use the] CHIPS and Science Act to implement, partner, integrate and interface across all stakeholders is really the exciting challenge and opportunity ahead.”
“Federal investment will enable SkyWater to more quickly expand our efforts to address the need for strategic reshoring of semiconductor manufacturing,” said SkyWater President and CEO Thomas Sonderman.
Strategic reshoring is what this is all about. Semiconductor manufacturing in this country has plummeted from 37% in 1990 to just 12% today. The foreign dependency has put everything from our auto-manufacturing supply chain to our national security in jeopardy. CHIPS is providing the carrot that so many companies need to make the business case to invest billions of dollars in new facilities.
“There is no doubt that, without the CHIPS Act, we would not be here today,” said Sanjay Mehrotra, CEO of Micron.
Indeed, we’ll all need to collaborate. The private sector will need to build teams—industry, government, academia—all working together to solve some of the most complicated technology problems, and all in an effort to ensure that we succeed as a nation. The policymakers have done their part. It’s now up to us to work together to turn the CHIPS and Science Act into a reality.
The United States is building opportunity, and industry is coming. Indeed, build it, incentivize it and, alas, they will come. The current generation will soon see our American “Field of Dreams” become a vibrant reality.•
Mike Dodd is chairman of Dioltas Advisory Board.