Justices ruled 5-4 on Thursday, with Chief Justice John Roberts joining the four liberals in the relevant part of the outcome.
The U.S. Census Bureau is preparing to launch its 2020 count, and the data collected will determine how much the state could receive for the next 10 years.
According to a new report, the worst-case scenario in Indiana predicts the population could be undercounted by nearly 40,000 people.
The increase is the Indiana’s strongest annual gain since 2009 and outpaced neighboring states.
Indianapolis added an estimated 5,549 people between July 1, 2016, and July 1, 2017, but was passed by a Texas city that added 18,664 people.
The 2020 U.S. Census will include a question about citizenship status, a move that brought swift condemnation from Democrats, who said it would intimidate immigrants and discourage them from participating.
Population estimates released Thursday by the U.S. Census Bureau show Columbus, Ohio, overtook Indianapolis in 2016.
The county-level estimates show Indiana's five fastest-growing counties are the suburban counties that surround Indianapolis.
Carmel’s population has grown by 7,755 people since 2010, the city announced Wednesday, citing a partial special census it conducted late last year.
New census estimates show the Indianapolis metropolitan area includes four of the five fastest-growing counties in Indiana and 10 of the 11 fastest-growing cities and towns with populations of at least 5,000.
A fast-growing city like Fishers can add thousands of new residents in just a few years. But several state funding allocations are based on population numbers the U.S. Census Bureau collects only once a decade, which could grossly underestimate the city’s density.
In April, the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis began considering cost of living alongside the stew of income figures it has long collected, and the new, adjusted income numbers make both the metro area and the state look like better places to live.
The report says Indianapolis added an average of about 7,200 residents annually from 2010 to 2013, nearly twice its pace from 2000 to 2010.
Census Bureau estimates released Monday show Indiana’s population grew by about 33,000 people from 2012 to 2013, topping out at about 6.57 million residents.
Austin, Texas, moved from 13th to 11th, pushing Jacksonville, Fla., and Indianapolis each down a spot.
Indiana's population is projected to grow by 1 million people by 2050, to nearly 7.5 million people in total, but most of the growth will occur in the Indianapolis area, especially in the northern suburbs.
The Census Bureau estimated that 16.3 percent of Indiana residents, or 1.35 million people, lived in households earning less than the poverty level, compared with 15.1 percent nationally.
That growth has been concentrated in five counties that account for nearly 60 percent of the state's Asian population. Those counties are Allen, Hamilton, Marion, Monroe and Tippecanoe
North-central and east-central Indiana, which absorbed the brunt of the job losses, also showed the highest percentage of unoccupied homes.